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GAETANO GRIECO AND THE UTOPIA TRAGEDY

On the night of March 17, 1891 one of the most tragic events in Italian immigration history occurred.  The consequences of this event on a stormy night 130 years ago are still felt today.

The steamship Utopia was a transatlantic passenger  vessel built in 1874 and starting in 1882 she regularily carried Italian immigrants to the United States.  To maximize revenue on the Italian route, first class accommodation were reduced, second class was removed, and steerage capacity was increased to 900 bunks.

On February 25, 1891 the Utopia sailed from Trieste for New York City, stopping at Naples, Genoa, and Gibraltar. She carried 880 people including 59 crew, 3 first class passengers, 815 third class passengers, and 3 stowaways. The Utopia normally carried seven lifeboats that could only accommodate 460 people.

Among these passangers was Gaetano Grieco, the ancestor of several Craco Society members.  Gaetano was born in Albori, part of the town of Vietri sul Mare in the province of Salerno on March 24, 1860.  He was the son of Giuseppe, who was a tailor and Brigida Fiorillo.  His birth took place at the home of the then mayor of the town suggesting a connection between the mayor and Gaetano‘s mother (but records supporting that have not been located yet.)  Gaetano grew up to become a merchant of fine silk linens and jewels.   On April 7, 1882 Gaetano married Giulia Maria Baldasarre in Craco.  Giulia was born there on June 26, 1856 to Giovanni and Rosa Maria Matera.   Gaetano and Giula settled in Craco where two children were born, Giuseppe (Feb. 13, 1885) and Margarita (Apr. 27, 1887).  The family then immigrated to New York City where another daughter, Brigida was born (Feb. 5, 1890).

Grieco family descendants had an oral history of the loss of Gaetano in a shipwreck but lacked full details and understanding about it until recently.  With the help of the staff at the Gibraltar Museum the story of Gaetano‘s fate was resolved.  The final piece of the puzzle fell into place when Pina Maffoda, a researcher who recovered in archives from Naples, Palermo, and Trieste the names of all the passengers and reconstructed the last voyage of the Utopia.

The Utopia reached Gibraltar on March 17 and navigated to her usual anchorage in the harbor but the location was occupied by two battleships HMS Anson and HMS Rodney.

The Utopia’s captain said he was temporarily blinded by the Anson’s searchlight and “suddenly discovered that the inside anchorage was full of ships”.  When attempting to steer Utopia ahead of Anson’s bow a strong gale combined with current swept the vessel across the bows of the Anson, and in a moment her hull was pierced.  The impact occurred at 6:36 p.m. and with a hole 16 ft. wide below Utopia’s waterline her holds quickly flooded.

The Utopia’s captain ordered the lowering of the lifeboats and to abandon ship, but Utopia suddenly listed 70 degrees, crushing and sinking the boats. The survivors clung to the starboard of Utopia while hundreds were trapped inside steerage holds but within 20 minutes the Utopia sank. Her masts, protruding above the waves, became the last refuge for survivors.

Nearby ships immediately sent rescue crews to the site, but rough weather and a strong current made it difficult for them to approach the wreck. Rescuers were blinded by the wind and rain but saw a confused, mass of human beings entangled with wreckage. Out of 880 passengers and crew of Utopia, there were 318 survivors: 290 steerage passengers, 2 first class passengers, 3 Italian interpreters, and 23 crew. The remaining 562 passengers and crew were dead or missing.

Divers sent to examine the wreck reported that the inner spaces of Utopia “were closely packed with the bodies … who had become wedged into an almost solid mass”; and that “the bodies of many of the drowned were found so firmly clasped together that it was difficult to separate them.” Hundreds of bodies remained trapped in the steerage holds of the sunken ship.

The Utopia captain was found guilty of grave errors in judgement.  After the accident the remains of Utopia were illuminated by lights hoisted on each masthead.  However, this did not prevent another incident; the SS Primula, entering the harbor, collided with the wreck of Utopia.

The wreck of Utopia was raised in 1892 and brought  to Scotland.  It was scrapped in 1900.

Pina Maffoda’s research provided the death record that was sent to Vietri sul Mare.    But we do not know how and when Giulia Baldsasarre and her children learned of Gaetano’s death.

 

The Grieco family knows that after the loss, an uncle who was a professor in Salerno, wanted to educate Giuseppe and raised him there for several years until Giuseppe expressed a desire to return  to America to be with his mother and sister.

 

When he returned to New York City, settling in with  the family on Mulberry Street, Giuseppe and his mother started a scrap rag business that evolved into a successful paper stock enterprise.  On October 23, 1902 Giuseppe  married Maria LoPorchio in Manhattan.  She was born in New York to Francesco (b. 1862, Craco) and Giulia Demma (b. 1870, Craco).   Giuseppe and Maria would have 11 children that were supported by Giuseppe’s paper stock business.  He had several business locations, the last being on West 27th Street in Manhattan, which is now the Selina Chelsea Hotel New York.

Brigida Grieco married  Pietro Paduano (b. 1880, Craco) on April 27, 1905 in Craco.  Pietro was the son of  Giuseppe Paduano (b. 1836, Craco) and Filomena Rinaldi (b. 1846, Craco).  Brigida and Pietro immigrated to New York and settled in Brooklyn along with Giuseppe and Maria.

Their many descendants now know how those tragic events so far away occurred.

The sinking of SS Utopia (March 17, 1891, the Bay of Gibraltar) by Ms. Georgina Smith. Original caption: “sketch by Mrs Georgina Sheriff (courtesy Gibraltar Museum)”. The site operator is Mr. Clive Finlayson, Gibraltar, Director of the Gibraltar Museum.

Gaetano Grieco e la tragedia dell’utopia

Durante il tardo pomeriggio del 17 marzo 1891 si verificò uno degli eventi più tragici della storia dell’immigrazione italiana. Le conseguenze di quanto accadde, in quel tardo pomeriggio tempestoso di ben 130 anni, sono percepibili ancora oggi.

Utopia era un piroscafo Scozzese costruito nel 1874 ed adibito al trasporto di passeggeri attraverso l’oceano Atlantico. Dal 1882 cominciò a traghettare regolarmente gli immigrati italiani verso le coste degli Stati Uniti. Per massimizzare i profitti sulla rotta italiana, la compagnia gestrice decise di ridurre gli alloggi di prima classe, rimuovendo la seconda classe ed ampliando lo spazio per i passeggeri di terza classe, la cui capacità toccò le 900 cuccette.

Il 25 febbraio del 1891 l’Utopia salpò da Trieste per New York City, facendo scalo anche ai porti di Napoli, di Genova e di Gibilterra. Delle 880 persone che stava trasportando durante quella tratta, 59 erano membri dell’equipaggio, 3 erano passeggeri di prima classe, 815 erano passeggeri di terza classe e 3 erano passeggeri clandestini. L’Utopia era normalmente equipaggiata di sette scialuppe di salvataggio che potevano ospitare fino a 460 persone.

Tra gli 880 passeggeri, c’era anche Gaetano Grieco, un antenato di alcuni membri della Craco Society. Gaetano nacque il 24 marzo 1860 ad Albori, una frazione del comune di Vietri sul Mare in provincia di Salerno in Campania. Era figlio di un sarto di nome Giuseppe e di Brigida Fiorillo. La sua nascita avvenne in quella che era la casa dell’allora sindaco del paese, suggerendo una relazione tra il sindaco e la madre di Gaetano (non sono però ancora stati ritrovati documenti a sostegno di questa tesi). Una volta divenuto adulto, Gaetano si specializzò nella vendita di gioielli di biancheria di seta pregiata.

Il 7 aprile del 1882, Gaetano si unì in matrimonio a Craco con Giulia Maria Baldasarre. Giulia era nata a Craco il 26 giugno del 1856 da Giovanni e Rosa Maria Matera. Gaetano e Giulia si stabilirono a Craco dove ebbero due figli, Giuseppe (nato il 13 febbraio del 1885) e Margherita (nata il 27 aprile del 1887). La famiglia decise di emigrare a New York, dove ebbero un’altra figlia a cui diedero il nome di Brigida (nata il 5 febbraio del 1890).

I discendenti della famiglia dei Grieco erano soliti tramandarsi oralmente il racconto della morte di Gaetano e del suo naufragio. Fino a poco tempo fa non fu però possibile accedere a tutti i dettagli sulla veridicità di questa storia, che rimase spesso incompresa. Grazie all’aiuto dello staff del Museo di Gibilterra, il Gibraltar Museum, è stato possibile approfondire la storia del destino di Gaetano. L’ultimo tassello del puzzle si è risolto grazie al prezioso contributo di Pina Maffoda. Pina è una ricercatrice che, dopo aver ottenuto l’accesso agli archivi di Napoli, di Palermo e di Trieste, è riuscita a recuperare i nomi di tutti i passeggeri che erano a bordo dell’Utopia, potendone ricostruire l’ultimo viaggio.

Una volta raggiunta Gibilterra il 17 marzo del 1891, l’Utopia continuò ad addentrarsi all’interno del porto fino a raggiungere la sua solita area d’ancoraggio. Il destino peró volle che in quel momento fosse occupata dall’HMS Anson e dall’HMS Rodney, due navi da guerra inglesi.

John McKeague, il capitano dell’Utopia, ammise di essere stato temporaneamente accecato dalle luci del riflettore dell’HMS Anson e “scoprì improvvisamente che la sua zona d’ancoraggio del porto era piena di navi”. Non appena il capitano tentò di muovere il timone dell’Utopia per allontanarsi dalla prua dell’HMS Anson, un forte vento di burrasca e la corrente contraria fecero sbattere il piroscafo contro la prua della nave da guerra, causandone la perforazione immediata dello scafo. L’impatto avvenne alle 18:36. Con una fessura larga ben 16 piedi al di sotto della linea di galleggiamento, le stive dell’Utopia si allagarono rapidamente.

Il capitano ordinò a tutti i passeggeri di calare le scialuppe di salvataggio e di abbandonare la nave, ma l’Utopia si inclinò improvvisamente di 70 gradi, schiacciando e facendo sommergere le barche. I sopravvissuti si aggrapparono alla dritta della nave mentre centinaia rimasero intrappolati negli abitacoli di terza classe. In appena 20 minuti l’Utopia si inabissò. I suoi alberi, che si sporgevano sopra le onde, divennero l’ultimo rifugio per i sopravvissuti.

Le navi vicine inviarono immediatamente diverse squadre di soccorso sul sito, ma il maltempo e le forti correnti resero l’avvicinamento al relitto particolarmente arduo. I soccorritori, che dovettero sfidare vento e pioggia, si trovarono davanti ad una massa confusa di esseri umani impigliati nei rottami. Su 880 passeggeri che appartenevano all’equipaggio dell’Utopia, il numero dei sopravvissuti fu appena di 318. 290 passeggeri di terza classe, 2 passeggeri di prima classe, 3 interpreti italiani e 23 membri dell’equipaggio. I restanti 562 passeggeri annegarono durante il naufragio o furono dichiarati dispersi.

I sommozzatori che vennero inviati in seguito per esaminarne quanto rimanesse del relitto riferirono come gli spazi interni dell’Utopia “fossero strettamente stipati con i cadaveri delle vittime … che si erano accatastati gli uni sugli altri quasi a formare una massa solida”; e come “i corpi di molte delle vittime fossero legati insieme così saldamente da rendere difficili le operazioni di perlustrazione”. Centinaia di cadaveri rimasero bloccati negli abitacoli di terza classe della nave affondata.

Il capitano dell’Utopia fu ritenuto colpevole del disastro, causato da gravi errori di giudizio. In seguito all’incidente, i resti dell’Utopia furono illuminati da luci poste sulla punta di ognuno dei suoi alberi per evitare ulteriori disastri. Tuttavia, ciò non fu sufficiente per impedire un altro incidente. Durante la sua entrata nel porto, la SS Primula entrò in rotta di collisione con il relitto del piroscafo.

Il relitto di Utopia fu rimosso dal mare nel 1892 e riportato in Scozia. Venne demolito nel 1900. La ricerca di Pina Maffoda fornisce il verbale sulla morte dei passeggeri, inviato a Vietri sul Mare. Non sappiamo però ancora come e quando Giulia Baldasarre e i suoi figli abbiano appreso della morte di Gaetano.

La famiglia Grieco é al corrente del fatto che, che dopo l’annegamento di Gaetano, uno zio che lavorava come professore a Salerno decise di prendersi cura dell’educazione di Giuseppe. Gli diede l’opportunità di crescere lì per diversi anni fino a quando Giuseppe stesso non espresse il desiderio di ritornare in America e di ricongiungersi con la madre e la sorella.

Una volta rientrato a New York City, stabilendosi con la famiglia su Mulberry Street, Giuseppe e sua madre avviarono un’attività di materiale di rottamazione che progredì con successo come un’impresa commerciale nel settore della raccolta di carta da macero. Il 23 ottobre del 1902 Giuseppe sposò Maria LoPorchio a Manhattan. Maria era nata a New York da Francesco (nato nel 1862 a Craco) e da Giulia Demma (nata nel 1870 a Craco). Giuseppe e Maria ebbero 11 figli che riuscirono a mantenere grazie ai ricavi dell’attività della raccolta della carta di Giuseppe. L’azienda aveva diverse sedi commerciali, di cui l’ultima si trovava sulla West 27th Street a Manhattan, l’attuale Selina Chelsea Hotel di New York.

Sappiamo che Brigida Grieco si sposò a Craco con Pietro Paduano (nato nel 1880 a Craco) il 27 aprile del 1905. Pietro era figlio di Giuseppe Paduano (nato nel 1836 a Craco) e Filomena Rinaldi (nata nel 1846 a Craco). Brigida e Pietro emigrarono a New York e si stabilirono a Brooklyn assieme a Giuseppe e Maria.

I loro numerosi discendenti sono ora al corrente di come si verificarono quei tragici eventi.

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GAETANO GRIECO AND THE TWIST OF FATE

Last month’s Newsletter article triggered a memory from another Society member that shows us how a twist of fate can impact us and influence generations.

            The amazing story from Joe Rinaldi of Rhinebeck, New York, adds depth to our understanding of how and why Gaetano Grieco was aboard the SS Utopia when it and he met tragic ends 130 years ago in Gibraltar Harbor.             Joe Rinaldi related the following story.

             “…this story was told to me by my {maternal} grandmother Anna (DiDonato) Miele (1897-1986).  

Anna’s parents, Antonio DiDonato (1869-1917) and Giuseppina (Brescia) DiDonato (1872-1951) [who were from Avellino, in the Campagna Region] were to travel in 1891 from Avellino with a friend who was a businessman, dealing between Italy and the US, who would help settle my great grandparents in New York City when they all arrived.  

Just before they were to board the ship, the friend had a business situation come up, so he told my great grandparents to go ahead and he would take the next ship and meet them in New York.  

Either while still making the passage or once arriving in New York, Giuseppina and Antonio learned of the sinking of the SS Utopia at Gibraltar and the loss of their friend.  

Fortunately for my great grandparents, they knew the name of their friend’s business contact in New York City, so they got in touch with him and he was able to help Giuseppina and Antonio get a place to live and a job for Antonio, who was a carpenter.”

So, we now know that a simple thing like the innocent business meeting  Gaetano attended was the twist of fate that changed his destiny.

Che sarà sarà.

HMS Anson and SS Utopia—The contemporary sketch above, shows the HMS Anson (right) using a searchlight to illuminate the sinking SS Utopia (left).  The HMS Anson, had a battering ram in her bow ,which  was struck by the Utopia as she passed the ship at 6:36pm during the stormy night of March 17, 1891.  The Utopia, with a 16 foot wide gash in her hull sank within 20 minutes.  Of the Utopia’s 880 passengers, mostly Italian immigrants, 562 were lost.  The Utopia’s captain, John McKeague was found guilty of grave errors in judgement: “firstly, in attempting to enter the anchorage … without having first opened out and ascertained what vessels were there” and “secondly, in attempting to turn his ship out across the bows of HMS Anson.
Sunken Utopia—  shown below is the sunken SS Utopia in Gibraltar Harbor.  This contemporary photograph .  Work crews, barges and lighters are visible on the wreck.  The square objects on the masts were markers to help prevent other ships from colliding with the wreck.  The Utopia was raised in July 1892 and brought to Scotland where the hulk was scrapped in 1900.

GAETANO GRIECO E UNO SCHERZO DEL DESTINO

L’articolo su Gaetano Grieco che abbiamo condiviso all’interno dell’aggiornamento del mese scorso ha risvegliato la memoria di un altro membro della Craco Society, il cui racconto ci mostra come uno scherzo del destino può avere un’incredibile influenza sulla nostra vita e quella delle generazioni future.

             La storia inverosimile di Joe Rinaldi di Rhinebeck, a New York, ci aiuta ad approfondire e a capire meglio come e perché Gaetano Grieco si trovasse a bordo della SS Utopia nel momento del suo tragico affondamento nel porto di Gibilterra, circa 130 anni fa.

             Joe Rinaldi ha condiviso con noi i dettagli dell’avvenimento.

“… questa storia mi è stata riferita da mia nonna {materna} Anna (DiDonato) Miele (1897-1986).

I genitori di Anna, Antonio DiDonato (1869-1917) e Giuseppina (Brescia) DiDonato (1872-1951) [che erano originari di Avellino, un paese della Regione Campania] lasciarono da Avellino per andare in America nel 1891. Con loro si trovava un certo amico e uomo d’affari, il quali era solito gestire trattative commerciali tra l’Italia e gli Stati Uniti. Quest’Amico [che in realtà non era che Gaetano Grieco] avrebbe avuto il compito di aiutare i miei bisnonni a sistemarsi a New York City una volta sbarcati negli Stati Uniti. Poco prima che salissero a bordo, l’amico fu improvvisamente costretto ad assentarsi e a ritardare la propria partenza a causa di un incontro di lavoro. Lui disse quindi ai miei bisnonni di andare avanti e che si sarebbe imbarcato sulla nave successiva e li avrebbe incontrati direttamente a New York.

Mentre erano ancora in viaggio durate la traversata oceanica o una volta sbarcati a New York, Giuseppina e Antonio vennero a sapere del naufragio della SS Utopia a Gibilterra e della morte del loro amico.

Fortunatamente per loro, i miei bisnonni conoscevano il nome del socio d’affari del loro amico a New York City. Riuscirono a mettersi in contatto con questa persona, la quale fu in grado di aiutarli a trovare un posto dove vivere e un impiego per Antonio, che faceva il falegname.”

Sappiamo ora che una cosa banale come un innocente e improvviso incontro di lavoro a cui Gaetano dovette partecipare rappresentò per lui un vero e proprio scherzo del destino che cambiò per sempre le sue sorti.

Che sarà sarà.

HMS Anson e SS Utopia: il quadretto in alto, realizzato in età contemporanea, mette in mostra l’HMS Anson (visibile sulla destra) ed il riflettore utilizzato per illuminare il naufragio della SS Utopia (visibile sulla sinistra). L’HMS Anson aveva un ariete a prua, che entrò in contatto con l’Utopia quando questa le passó davanti alle 18:36 del tardo pomeriggio tempestoso del 17 marzo 1891. Con uno squarcio largo 16 piedi (quasi cinque metri) nello scafo, l’Utopia affondò nel giro di 20 minuti. Degli 880 passeggeri che si trovavano a bordo, per lo più emigranti italiani che si stavano dirigendo verso gli Stati Uniti, 562 annegarono. John McKeague, il capitano dell’Utopia, fu ritenuto colpevole a causa di gravi errori di giudizio. Due furono le accuse principali. “In primo luogo, John McKeague tentò di effettuare le operazioni di ormeggio…senza però aver prima dichiarato la propria posizione e senza essersi accertato di quali altri navi fossero già in porto”. “In secondo luogo, cercò di effettuare un cambio di direzione attraverso la prua della HMS Anson.”
Il relitto dell’Utopia — in una fotografia contemporanea in basso, è possibile osservare la SS Utopia dopo il suo naufragio presso il porto di Gibilterra. Sopra ciò che rimane dell’imbarcazione sono visibili squadre operative, chiatte e luci per facilitare i lavori. Gli oggetti quadrati sugli alberi della nave non erano altro che indicatori posizionati lì proprio come segnale e per aiutare altre navi a non entrare in collisione con il relitto. I residui dell’Utopia furono levati dal mare nel luglio del 1892 e riportati in Scozia, dove vennero completamente demoliti nel 1900.

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June/Giugno 2021

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ITALIAN SURNAME ORIGINS

After learning about the historic surnames from Craco it became obvious understanding their origins would be important.
Onomatology is the study of the origins and history of proper names. There are two works that help us identify the roots of the Cracotan names. Prof. Joseph G. Fucilla wrote, Our Italian Surnames, in 1949 and has been in print since then because of its extensive coverage of the subject. In 1985, Gerhard Rohlfs wrote, Dizionario storico dei cognomi in Lucania, an Italian language publication containing an extensive listing of regional surnames. Fucilla and Rohlfs explain Italian surnames came from several sources and that they were adopted in the last 400 years.
Through most of history a single given name was the standard. The Romans began adding a “gens-name” derived from the founder of the family tree. The early Christians and Germanic tribes, both used single given names and they caused the collapse of the Roman naming system. However, between these two groups the hereditary surname system universally used today slowly emerged.
Starting with the patricians in Venice about the 9th century it took another 800 more years for surnames to take root.
The pattern of Italian surnames originally relied on expressing paternity (for example, Giovanni di Alberto representing Giovanni son of Alberto). These were influenced over time by various factors. For example the singular surname became plural reflecting the family that the surname came from (Alberto becomes Alberti.) Another way of expressing “son of” (figlio) also emerged by using the prefix —Fi or Fili (examples, Fittipoldi, Filangieri).
The many groups who invaded Italy also added to the surname development process. Greek, Roman, and Germanic influence are seen as the major source of Italian surnames with a secondary set attributed to Hebrew names.
Greek roots are seen in names like Alessandri, or Greek with the Christian influence like Basilio. Roman examples are numerous and include classical names like Caesar. The Germanic Franks and Lombards while abandoning their native language retained their Teutonic names. These can be recognized with surname endings like –aldo (example Rinaldi), or -mano (Germano). Hebrew names derived from the Bible include Salomone and Vitelli (from David).
Adding to the complex evolution of surnames were other elements that became name sources including desirable or undesirable qualities, botanical, topographical, geographic, animal, anatomical, objects and occupations. Also, in the regional areas of rural Italy each family had a nickname which was transmitted to subsequent generations. Over centuries and generations additional modifications give us the names we recognize today.

CRACOTAN SURNAME ORIGINS
Avena— botanical, representing oat farmer (Fucilla)
Basilio—of Greek origin (Rohlfs & Fucilla)
Benedetto—compound surname (Fucilla)
Bentivenga—from Moliterno, indicating good feelings (Rohlfs); may good befall you (Fucilla)
Branda—French origins (Rohlfs)
Camberlengo—French origins (Rohlfs)
Colabella—attractive physique (Fucilla)
Conte—reflecting a title (Rohlfs); titular name origin, count (Fucilla)
Cotugno—botanical name, quince (Fucilla)
DeCesare—from Roman, of Cesear (Fucilla)
Dolcemiele— compound surname, sweet honey (Fucilla)
Donadio—indicating good feelings (Rohlfs); biblical origin, given by and to God (Fucilla)
Episcopio—from ecclesiastical name, bishop (Fucilla)
Gallo—Spanish origins (Fucilla)
Grieco—Greek nationality (Rohlfs)
Laino—geographic origin (Rohlfs)
Lorubbio—from Craco, Montalbano Jonico, Policoro (Rohlfs); derived from hair color, red (Fucilla)
Lospinuso—from Craco, Montalbano Jonico (Rohlfs); originated as a nickname, full of thorns, harsh(Fucilla)
Magistro—name for learned men, teacher (Fucilla)
Mastronardi—reflecting a title (Rohlfs); formed from master of and the baptismal name (Fucilla)
Muzio—from Sala Consilina, Salerno (Rohlfs); derived from Spanish, stable boy (Fucilla)
Pignataro-from Potenza, (Rohlfs), occupation name, potter (Fucilla)
Pirretti—from Ferrandina Matera (Rohlfs); derived from the given name Pietro (Fucilla)
Ragone—Spanish origin (Rohlfs)
Roccanova—from Potenza, Matera derived from agriculture (Rohlfs)
Rinaldi—Germanic origin (Rohlfs), from the legendary knight Roland (Fucilla)
Salamone—reflecting a distinguished person (Rohlfs); from the Bible, Solomon, a wise person (Fucilla)
Spera—from Matera, person which raises hope (Rohlfs)
Tuzio—from Lagonegro, Montalbano, Sapri, and Senise, from medieval name Tutius (Rohlfs)
Veltri—derived from the dog breed of greyhounds (Fucilla)
Viggiano—from Matera, Montablano, Potenza, Stigliano (Rohlfs)Vitelli—derived from the Biblical name David (Fucilla)

An online source of Italian surname history is available at: ORIGINI DI COGNOMI ITALIANI

LE ORIGINI DEI COGNOMI ITALIANI

Dopo aver appreso quelli che sono i cognomi italiani di Craco è diventato ovvia l’importanza di capire le loro origini.
L’Onomatologia rappresenta lo studio dell’etimologia e della storia dei nomi propri. Ci sono due studi disponibili che ci permettono di identificare le radici dei nomi crachesi. Prof. Joseph G. Fucilla scrisse nel 1949 “I nostri cognomi Italiani” (Our Italian surnames in inglese), testo tuttora in stampa proprio grazie al livello di dettaglio con cui descrive il tema. Nel 1985 Gerhard Rohlfs preparò invece un “dizionario storico dei cognomi lucani, una pubblicazione in lingua italiana contenente una lista estesa di cognomi regionali. Fucilla e Rohlfs spiegano come diverse siano state le fonti e le ragioni nella formazione dei cognomi italiani adottati negli ultimi 400 anni.
Storicamente, la maggior parte dei nomi propri erano composti da un nome unico. I romani cominciarono ad aggiungere un “nome gens”, quindi il nome derivante dal fondatore dell’albero genealogico famigliare. I primi cristiani, così come le tribù germaniche, usavano i nomi propri singoli e sostituirono il proprio sistema a quello romano, creando un collasso di quest’ultimo.
In ogni caso, tra queste due metodistiche quella del cognome ereditario come viene usato ora universalmente non era ancora emersa.
Fu infatti nel nono secolo dopo cristo con i patrizi a Venezia che l’attuale sistema cominciò ad ampliarsi, il cui sviluppo durò circa 800 anni o più prima di ottenere la comformazione attuale.
La forma con cui i cognomi italiani erano costruiti originalmente rispecchia il legame paterno (per esempio, “Giovanni di Alberto” significa “Giovanni figlio di Alberto”). Diversi sono poi i fattori che nel tempo ne hanno modificato l’assetto. Per esempio, molti nomi singolari hanno assunto una forma plurale e sono rimasti tali, identificando in questo modo il nome famigliare (per esempio “Alberto” diventerebbe “Alberti”). Un’altra maniera di esprimere il termine di “figlio” era rappresentata dall’uso del prefisso “Fi” oppure “Fili” (alcuni esempi sono “Fittipoldi” o “Filangeri”).
Anche i diversi eserciti e le popolazioni che invasero l’Italia parteciparono al processo di sviluppo dei cognomi famigliari. Le influenze greche, romane e germaniche sono quelle che hanno maggiormente pesato sui cognomi italiani di derivazione ebrea.
Radici greche sono riscontrate in nomi come “Alessandri”, oppure radici greche con un influenza cristiana, come per esempio “Basilio”. Gli esempi di varianti romane sono molteplici ed includono nomi come “Cesare”. I franchi-tedeschi ed i lombardi hanno assunto nomi teutonici, abbandonando il loro linguaggio nativo. Possono essere riconosciuti poichè terminano con –aldo (per esempio “Rinaldi”) o –mano (“Germano”). I nomi ebrei che hanno radici bibliche includono Salomone e Vitelli (da “Davide”).
Oltre all’evoluzione già di per sè complessa della natura di un nominativo, ci sono altri elementi da considerare che hanno assunto nel tempo un certo livello di influenza. Questi includono qualità desiderabili o indesiderabili, elementi legati al mondo botanico, topografico, geografico, animale, anatomico, oggetti così come impieghi. Oltre a ciò, nelle regioni rurali italiane ogni famiglia aveva un proprio soprannome, il quale veniva trasmesso di generazione in generazione. Durante i secoli e a causa del susseguirsi delle generazioni stesse, ulteriori modifiche hanno aiutato a modificare i nostri nomi fino a diventare quelli che sono oggi.
 LE ORIGINI DEI COGNOMI CRACHESI
Avena—dal mondo botanico, rappresentante dei contadini di avena (Fucilla)
Basilio—di origine greca (Rohlfs & Fucilla)
Benedetto—nome composto (Fucilla)
Bentivenga—da Moliterno, indicatore di buone sensazioni (Rohlfs); che il bene possa essere con te (Fucilla)
Branda—di origini francesi (Rohlfs)
Camberlengo— di origini francesi (Rohlfs)
Colabella— dal fisico attraente (Fucilla)
Conte— che riflette il titolo nobiliare (Rohlfs); nome di un titolo, conte (Fucilla)
Cotugno—nome di origine botanica, mela cotogna (Fucilla)
DeCesare— dal nome romano, di Cesare (Fucilla)
Dolcemiele— nome composto, dolce e miele (Fucilla)
Donadio—che indica sensazioni piacevoli (Rohlfs); di origine biblica, dato da e per Dio (Fucilla)
Episcopio—nome d’origine ecclesiastica, vescovo (Fucilla)
Gallo—nome d’origini spagnole (Fucilla)
Grieco—nazionalità greca (Rohlfs)
Laino— di origini geografiche (Rohlfs)
Lorubbio—da Craco, Montalbano Jonico, Policoro (Rohlfs); derivante dal colore rosso carota dei capelli (Fucilla)
Lospinuso—da Craco, Montalbano Jonico (Rohlfs); in origine come soprannome, pieno di spine, duro(Fucilla)
Magistro—nome di persona acculturata, maestro (Fucilla)
Mastronardi—che riflette un titolo (Rohlfs); creato per uno specialista in un arte, nome di battesimo (Fucilla)
Muzio—dalla Sala Consilina, Salerno (Rohlfs); derivante dallo spagnolo, ragazzo di stalla (Fucilla)
Pignataro-da Potenza, (Rohlfs), nominativo di occupazione, ceramista (Fucilla)
Pirretti—da Ferrandina Matera (Rohlfs); derivante dal nome proprio Pietro (Fucilla)
Ragone—di origine spagnola (Rohlfs)
Roccanova—da Potenza e Matera, deriva dall’agricoltura (Rohlfs)
Rinaldi— di origini germaniche (Rohlfs), dal cavaliere leggendario Rolando (Fucilla)
Salamone—riflette una persona di qualità distinte (Rohlfs); dalla Bibbia, Salomone, uomo saggio (Fucilla)
Spera—da Matera, persona che porta speranza (Rohlfs)
Tuzio—da Lagonegro, Montalbano, Sapri, e Senise, derivante dal nome medievale Tutius (Rohlfs)
Veltri—derivante dall’allevamento di cani levrieri (Fucilla)
Viggiano—da Matera, Montablano, Potenza e Stigliano (Rohlfs)
Vitelli—derivante dal nome biblico Davide (Fucilla)



Una fonte storica di cognomi italiani è disponibile su: ORIGINI DEI COGNOMI ITALIANI


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Castle Garden Arrivals from Craco: An Insight Into Craco Immigrants Arriving Before 1892

Ellis Island has become synonymous with immigration into the United States but there were several other locations around the country that served as earlier points of entry. One of these, commonly known as Castle Garden is important for anyone researching an ancestor that arrived in New York Harbor from Craco before 1890.
Based on Note Storiche sul Comune di Craco, the history of the town of Craco, the first immigrant to come to America from arrived in 1880. (1) The Castle Garden Immigration Station operated from 1855 to April 19, 1890 so the earliest immigrants entered through this location.
 

After that, immigrants entered New York through an immigration site known as The Barge Office located at the foot of Whitehall Street near the Battery at the southeast end of Manhattan until January 1, 1892 when the Ellis Island immigration station opened. The Barge Office operated again from June 13, 1897 through December 16, 1900 after the original wooden structure of the Ellis Island immigration station burned to the ground and until the new Ellis Island facility reopened. (2)
 
Although researchers can use the well known Ellis Island website  to find information about ancestors entering the US, the content there only covers the period from 1892-1924.  The Castle Garden website allows individuals to researching ancestors that came to the US before 1892.  For example, the list of 50 names that follows represents individuals who can be identified as coming from Craco through the Castle Garden Immigration Station before 1892, based on their reporting the town on the ship’s manifest when they boarded.
 
This list is by no means exhaustive, since the “Place of Last Residence” wasn’t always required or a misspelling of the town name did not produce a match. Individual searches on the Castle Garden website should be conducted to locate records before 1892.
 
(1) D’Angella, Dino, Note Storiche sul Comune di Craco, An English Translation of the History of The Town of Craco by The Craco Society, 2009, pg. 94
(2) The Immigration Experience. http://members.tripod.com/~L_Alfano/immig.htm
 
 
Last Name
First Name
Age
Sex
Arrival Date
Place of Last Residence

 
ARANZO

MARIA

29

F

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

BALDO

PIETRO

24

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

BARBETTA

ANTONIO

3

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

BARBETTA

FILOMENA

42

F

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

BATTISTO

ANGELO

37

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

BRANDA

VINCENZO

28

M

23 Sep 1887

CRACO

 

BRUNETTI

DOMENICO

21

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

CANTAROCO

F.

28

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

CITARELLO

SALVATORE

28

M

23 Sep 1887

CRACO

 

DADDURNO

ROSA

38

F

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

ELIA

FRANCESCO

27

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

ELIA

GIUSEPPE

24

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

EPISCOPIA

MARIA

4

F

23 Dec 1889

CRACO

 

EPISCOPIA

GIOVANNA

7 m

F

23 Dec 1889

CRACO

 

EPISCOPIA

ANGELA

34

F

23 Dec 1889

CRACO

 

FERRANTE

GIUSEPPE

14

M

18 Apr 1890

CRACO

 

FETTIPALDI

VINCENZO

23

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

FORGIONE

VINCENZO

49

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

GRASSO

ANGELO

21

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

LABASCO

ANDREA

11

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

LABASCO

A.M.

11

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

LAMBERLURO

GIUSEPPE

25

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

LAPENTA

ELEONORA

40

F

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

LIBERTINI

ROCCO

36

M

23 Dec 1889

CRACO

 

LOMBARDI

DONATO

22

M

23 Sep 1887

CRACO

 

LUCCAFICO

GIUSEPPE

34

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

MANFREDI

BENEDETTO

33

M

23 Dec 1889

CRACO

 

MARONNE

GIUSEPPE

12

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

MARONNE

MICHELE

41

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

MARRESE

GIUSEPPE

12

M

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

MARRESE

PASQUALE

43

M

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

MASTRAVADI

NICOLA

20

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

MORANDA

LEONARDO

6

M

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

MORANDA

ELEONORA

30

F

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

MORANDA

ANGELA

9

F

9 Jun 1890

CRACO

 

MORMA–

GAETANO

36

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

MORMANDO

NICOLA

40

M

18 Apr 1890

CRACO

 

PARISI

PASQUALE

34

M

18 Apr 1890

CRACO

 

RINALDI

GIOVANNI

27

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

ROFANIA

ANTONIO

39

M

3 Jun 1891

CRACO

 

SACCAFINO

ANGELO

12

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

SACCAFINO

VINCENZO

7

M

28 Mar 1885

 

CRACO

SCIANNAP-

ANTONIO

21

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

SCIOSCIA

ANDREA

35

M

28 Mar 1885

CRACO

 

SIMONETTI

GIUSEPPE

34

M

13 Dec 1887

CRACO

 

TANICO

FEDELE

24

M

22 Mar 1892

CRACO

 

TERRA

VINCENZO

25

M

23 Sep 1887

CRACO

 

TUZIO

FILOMENA

34

F

22 Mar 1892

CRACO

 

VITARELLI

NICOLA

27

M

23 Sep 1887

CRACO

 

VOZZI

AMBROGIO

21

M

22 Mar 1892

CRACO

 

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1900 American Census Crachesi Immigrants on Baxter Street

44 Baxter Street, New York City

Giuseppe (b. 1891) and Maria Antonia (b. December 1865) Camperlengo. Married 23 years. Immigrated 1884.
Children at home:  
Angela (b. April 1882 in Craco). Immigrated 1884.
Leonardo (b. June 1884 in Craco). Immigrated 1884.
Vincenzo (b. November 1892 in NYC)
Angela (b. May 1895 in NYC)
Pasquale (b. September 1896 in NYC)
Francesco (b. April 1900 in NYC)  
 
Andrea Mormando (b. November 1861) and Isabella Lobasco (b. September 1872).  Married 13 years. Andrea immigrated 1886. Isabella immigrated 1885.
Children at home:
Gaetano (b. May 1891 in NYC)
Francesca (b. April 1894 in NYC)

Mormando Family

Lucrezia Rubertone (b. May 1853 in Craco). Widowed. Immigrated 1890.  
Living with children (grandchildren?):  
Anna (b. October 1882 in Craco).  Immigrated 1890.  
Valoriano (b. July 1896 in NYC)

 

Vincenzo (b. Feb 1869 in Craco) and Filomena (b. March 1875) Lobasco. Married 8 years. Vincenzo immigrated 1881. Filomena immigrated 1890.  
Living with one son: 
Francisco (b. May 1895 in NYC) 

 

Maria Maddelena Grieco (b. September 1854 in Craco). Widowed.  Immigrated 1890.  
Living with 2 sons:  
Antonio (b. April 1870 in Craco) Married (?). Immigrated 1896.
Angelo (b. May 1873 in Craco). Immigrated 1896.

 

Andrea (b. May 1875 in Craco) and Rosa (b. April 1875 in Craco) Ferrante. Married 1895. Immigrated 1896.  Children:
Pasquale (b. March 1897 in NYC)
Maddelena (b. February 1900 in NYC)  

 

Angelo (b. Sept. 1869) and Francesca (b. Nov. 1875) Riviello. Married 1890. Immigrated 1892.
Children:
Domenico (b. May 1895 in NYC)
Vincenzo (b. April 1898 in NYC)
Giovanni (b. April 1900 in NYC)
Pasquale (b. Aug 1855) and Giulia (b. Nov 1867) Riviello. Married 1888.  Immigrated 1893.
Had four children; 3 living:
Rosina (b. Sept. 1889 in Craco)
Giacamo (b. March 1898 in NYC)
Gerardo (b. May 1895 in NYC)

 

Giulia Episcopia (b. Aug 1866) married 1883, but widowed. Immigrated 1898 with children:
Angela (b. Sept. 1884 in Craco)
Giovanni (b. May 1887 in Craco)
Leonardo (April 1890 in Craco)
Living with Maria Zaffarese (b. Jan. 1846), a widow. Immigrated 1885.

 

Giovanni Riviello (b. Dec. 1872) and wife Vittoria DeCesare (b. Sept. 1872). Married 1895.  Immigrated 1895.  Child:
Giuseppe (b. June 1897 in NYC)

 

Gaetano (b. Aug 1866) and wife Antonia (b. Feb. 1875) Riviello. Married 1892. Immigrated 1892.   No children.

 

Domenico (b. May 1867) and wife Anna (b. April 1875) Tuzio. Married 1890. Immigrated 1894. Children:
Rosa (b. June 1894 in NYC)
Giuseppina (b. April 1897 in NYC)
Vincenzo (b. Oct. 1899 in NYC)

Prospero (b. Sept. 1863) and wife Isabella (b. May 1868) Fittipaldi. Married 1883. Immigrated 1885. Children:
Maria Rita (b. June 1884 in Craco)
Vincenzo (b. April 1886 in NYC)
Domenico ( b. July 1897 in NYC)

 

Other last names at 44 Baxter Street: 
Secafico; Viverito; Zaffarese; Gigliano; Storica.

 

 

42 Baxter Street, New York City  
Domenica Lobasco (b. December 1849 in Craco).  Widowed. Immigrated 1893.  
Living with children or grandchildren:  
Nicoletta (b. October 1886 in Craco)
Lorenzo (b. April 1888 in Craco)
Filomena (b. July 1891 in Craco)


Paolo (b. May 1866 in Craco) and Domenica (b. October 1870) DeCesare.  Married 1895.  Paolo immigrated 1896. Domencia immigrated 1900.  One child:
Domenico (b. January 1897 in Craco). Immigrated 1900.
Isabella DeCesare (b. June 1852 in Craco).  Widowed.  Immigrated in 1881 with three children:
Charles (b. October 1872 in Craco)
Mary (b. May 1877 in Craco)
Rose (b. December 1879 in Craco)

Living with a boarder: Domenica Marrese (b. May 1869 in Craco). Immigrated 1883.

 

Alessio (b. May 1868) and wife Vincenza (b. May 1875) Matera. Married 1892. Immigrated 1892.
Had 3 chidlren; 2 living:
Gaetano (b. Feb. 1895 in NYC)
Lucia (b. Dec. 1899 in NYC)

 

 

40 Baxter Street, New York City

Pietro (b. 1870 in Craco) and Maria (b. 1878) Roccanova. Immigrated 1890. Married 1898.
Living with newborn daughter (no name).

Pasquale (b. Sept. 1868) and wife Rosa (b. Aug 1873) Rinaldi. Married 1890. Immigrated 1892.
Had 5 children; 4 living:
Lucia (b. Oct. 1891 in Craco)
Vincenzo (b. Feb 1894 in NYC)
Filomena (b. Feb. 1897 in NYC)
Maria (b. Nov. 1899 in NYC)

Gaetano (b. March 1864) and wife Maria (b. May 1872) Cantasano. Married 1889. Immigrated 1880.   Children:
Maddelena (b. Aug. 1890 in NYC)
Antonia (b. Dec. 1895 in NYC)

 

 

38 Baxter Street, New York City

Michele (b. November 1852 in Craco) and Rosa (b. May 1856 in Craco) Lorubbio. Married 25 years.  Had 8 children. Three lived. Immigrated 1885.
Children:
Giuseppe (b. October 1881 in Craco). Immigrated with parents in 1885.
Camilla (b. March 1895 in NYC)
Giulia (b. February 1899 in NYC)

Living with boarder: Francesco Mormando (b. February 1879 in Craco). Single. Immigrated 1894.


Francesco (b. June 1860) and Rosa (b. November 1862) Sarubbi. Married 1880. Immigrated 1891.    Children in current household:
Pietro (b. March 1886 in Craco)
Paolo (b. March 1890 in Craco)
Giovanni (b. January 1892 in NYC)
Antonio (b. November 1894 in NYC)
Filomena (b. December 1896 in NYC)
Antonia (b. June 1898 in NYC)

Francesco Mormando (b. January 1879 in Craco). Single. Immigrated 1885. Same as Francesco Mormando above?

 

Giovanna Mormando (b. October 1815 in Craco). Widowed. Immigrated 1884.
Raising 3 grandchildren:
Anna (b. May 1890 in NYC)
Filomena (b. February 1893 in NYC)
Giuseppe (b. September 1895 in NYC)

 

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Craco Foglio Di Famiglia   1904 ~ 1907

From 1904-1907, 259 individuals left their native town of Craco and immigrated to New York.
 
Year          Number Entering NYC
1904          50
1905          104
1906          52
1907          53
 
To leave Italy and enter the US, documents were required.  A few of these records are still in the Craco town archives and were made available to The Craco Society in December 2007.
 
The records vary based on the emigration documents the individual needed, but include birth certificates, requests for passports, letters, and authorization for adults to accompany minors. There are also folders from 1930 that are a “Foglio Di Famiglia” which provides a family tree for individuals who lived in New York City or Brooklyn, NY. The following is a list of the individuals in the records. A copy can be obtained by requesting them from us. Click to email us.
 
1904
Cifarelli Giovanni
Cifarelli Luca
Palazzo Domenica
 
1905
Cantasano Giuseppe Antonio
Ferrante Maria Maddalena
Charito Pietro
Chariti Angelo
Viggiano Prospero
Colabella Domenico
Conte Bernardino
Conte Giuseppe
Escopia Maria Vincenza
Cotugno Giuseppe
DeCesare Antonio
DeFelice Nicola
Manghise Michele
Ferrante Margherita
Rinaldi Angelo
Ferrante Mariantonia
Lorubio Antonio
Lattarulo Anna Rosa
Lenzi Domenico
Moliterno Eustacchio
Lenoci Angela
Manfredi Domenico
Manfredi Pietro
Marmo Angelo
Mormo Donato
Dolcimele Margherita
Manghise Michele
Schiuma Eustachio Vincenzo
Spera Rocco
Zangaro Pietro Leonardo
Zangaro Domenico
 
1906
Avena Paolo
Episcopia Maria Teresa
Episcopia Giuseppe
Camperlengo Antonio
Spera Donato
Mastronardi Vincenzo
DeCerare Antonio
Matarrese Stella
DiSanto Antonio
Dolcemele Margherita
Escopia Antonio
Scrilla Caterina
Lauria Carmine
Lenoce Angela
Lenzi Antonia
Lenzi Aniello
Loprochio Giuseppe
Matera Francesco
Matera Angiola
Mormando Nicola
Mormando Victoria Stella
Lorubio Michele
Lorubio Teresa
Rinaldi Angelo
Ferrante Margherita
Rosetti Lucia
Castellano Antonia
Ditaranto Saverio
Ditaranto Giuseppe
Santoro Emanuele
Caserta Maria addalena
Spera Pasquale Vincenzo
Marrese Giovanni
Statile Vincenzo
Stifano Donato Michele
Tralli Filomena
D’Alesso Nunzio
Vitali Francesco Paolo
Viverito Francesco
Conte Berardino
Viverto Vincenzo

1907
Agatiello Francesco
Episcopia Giulia
Agatiello Domenico
Camperlengo Giovanni
Francavilla Maria
Carriero Maria Leonarda
Carriero Giuseppe
Francavilla Nicola
Grieco Giovanni
Manghese Domenica
Fogli Di Famiglia
Camperlengo Giovanni
Camperlengo Antonio
Carriero Francesco
Francavilla Maria
Chiarito Pietro
DiSanto Antonio
Dolcimele Angelo
Dolceimele Margherita
Episcopia Antonio
Scrillo Caterina
Episcopia Giuseppe
Episcopia Rosa
Francavilla Carlo
Galante Maria Filomena
Francavilla Filippo
Francavilla Maria
Francavilla Gerardo
Grieco Giuseppe
Grossi Giovanni
Grossi Tommaso
LaCava Giovanni
Lauria Vincenzo
Manghise Angelo
Moliterno Paolo Nicola
Moliterno Eustacchio
Lenzi Domenico
Mormando Francesco
Mormando Pasquale
Mormando Leonardo
Francesco Paolo
Rinaldi Domenico
Rinaldi Donato
Santoro Emanuele
Spera Domenico
Spera Rocco
Cataldi Giovanni
DeCesare Antonio
DiTaranto Francesco
Grieco Nicola
Lauria Giuseppe
Lauria Vincenzo
Manghise Michele
Dolcimele Margherita
Santamaria Giovanni
Seccafico Giuseppe
Seccafico Francesco
Seccafico Vincenzo

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Craco Vital Records

Fr. Nick Mormando has kindly donated a large amount of material to the Society to assist other members in researching family history.  The material consists of selected vital records from Craco that he acquired while researching his family.

Besides the obvious information in the records about the event this material also contains valuable information about the individuals who were listed as witnesses.  These individuals are identified by name, occupation, age, and father’s name.  This information about an ancestor appearing in these records can be used to add to you family history.

The records mainly come from the period of 1901-1910.  Although they do not reflect all the vital records for the town during these years they include several items recording events occurring in New York that were sent back to Italy to be recorded in the Craco vital records.
To obtain more information about an individual or a copy of the record that is listed please click to email us your request.

 

Names
Record #
Date
Type Record

Adamo Giuseppina
IGI
1920
Marriage

Adderisio Antonio
1843
Birth

Adderisio Appolonia
1864
Marriage

Adderisio Saverio
1843
Birth

Addessio Caterina
VII42
1909
Death

Agata Carlo
B3
1908
Birth

Agata Nicola
B3
1908
Birth

Agatiello Ipolita
B4
1908
Birth

Andrisani Buonafede
VII11
1907
Death

Andrisani Maria Giuseppina
VII11
1907
Death

Angelone Antonio Vincenzo
B40
1908
Birth

Angelone Maria Filomenia
B40
1908
Birth

Antonaro Vito
VII16
1907
Death

Aqaliello Maria
VII40
1909
Death

Arlo Pasquale
VI2
1909
Death

Barbalinardo Leonardo Antonio
M21
1907
Marriage

Barbalinardo Nicola
M21
1907
Marriage

Barletta Grazia Lucria
M27
1905
Marriage

Barletta Liugi
M27
1905
Marriage

Benedetto Innocenzo
VI11
1902
Death

Benedetto Maria Vincenza
B34
1907
Birth

Benedetto Rosa
VI9
1902
Death

Bernardo Giovanni
1827
Death

Biancalli Lucrezia
1869
Marriage

Bifolo Maddelena
VII5
1902
Death

Bitonto Canio
B4
1908
Birth

Bitonto Rosa
B4
1908
Birth

Branda Domenico
VII15
1907
Death

Branda Lorenzo
IV2
1910
Death

Branda Maria
B40
1908
Birth

Branda Maria Caterina
II4
1909
Birth

Branda Nicola
1848
Birth

Branda Paolo
1852
Birth

Branda Pasquale
VII42
1909
Death

Branda Pasquale
B5
1908
Birth

Branda Rosa
1848
Birth

Branda Rosa
1852
Birth

Branda Rosa
VII4
1903
Death

Branda Roslia
B38
1908
Birth

Branda Stella
B31
1907
Birth

Branda Vincenzo
VI7
1902
Death

Branda Vincenzo
VII4
1903
Death

Brando Lorenzo
VII23
1910
Death

Brunetti Domenico
1865
Marriage

Brunetti Giuseppe
1865
Marriage

Bruno Antonio
1840
Death

Califano Francesco
B19
1903
Birth

Califano Gerardo
B19
1903
Birth

Calinato Maria
B9
1901
Birth

Cammarola Andrea
B21
1905
Birth

Cammarota Antonio
1864
Marriage

Cammarota Francesco
VII35
1909
Death

Cammarota Pietro
VII33
1908
Death

Cammarota Pietro
VII35
1909
Death

Camperlengo Giovanni
VII6
1902
Death

Cantasano Francesco
M1
1901
Marriage

Cantasano Giuseppe
VI3
1901
Death

Cantasano Rosa Maria
B6
1908
Birth

Cantasano Rosa maria
B13
1903
Birth

Cantasano Rosa Maria
B14
1903
Birth

Carbone Antonio
M22
1907
Marriage

Carbone Francesco Paolo
M5
1902
Marriage

Carbone Maria Caterina
VII39
1909
Death

Carbone Rosa Maria
M22
1907
Marriage

Caricati Pietro
B32
1907
Birth

Caricato Pietro
IV4
1910
Death

Caricola Pietro
VII24
1910
Death

Caruse Francesco
VII21
1910
Death

Caruso Rosa
VII21
1910
Death

Castellano Cesare
M7
1904
Marriage

Castellano Rocco Innocenzio
M7
1904
Marriage

Castronuovo Nicola
1849
Birth

Castronuovo Teresa
1840
Death

Castronuovo Teresa
1849
Birth

Castronuovo Teresa
1863
Death

Cataldi Giovanni
VII8
1905
Death

Cataldo Domenico
M9
1903
Marriage

Cataldo Rosalia
M9
1903
Marriage

Chiamuto Angelo
B31
1907
Birth

Chiarito Pietro
VII1
1901
Death

Chiarito Pietro
VII2
1901
Death

Cigliani Paolo
VII15
1907
Death

Cigliano Antonio
IV2
1910
Death

Cigliano Domenica
IV2
1910
Death
Cigliano Matteo
VII34
1908
Death
Cisterna Angela
M26
1905
Marriage
Cisterna Pietro
M26
1905
Marriage
Colabella Andrea
IV5
1909
Death
Colabella Andrea
VI1
1901
Death
Colabella Andrea
VII6
1902
Death
olabella Andrea
M13
1904
Marriage
Colabella Anna Lucia
VII23
1910
Death
Colabella Francesco
VII17
1910
Death
Colabella Francesco
VII37
1909
Death
Colabella Giuseppe
IV5
1909
Death
Colabella Maria Teresa
M15
1904
Marriage
Colabella Maria Teresa
M29
1904
Marriage
Coloianni Nicola
B6
1908
Birth
Consali Giuseppe
IV2
1910
Death
Consoli Giuseppe
IV7
1909
Death
Consoli Giuseppe
VII7
1905
Death
Consoli Giuseppe
VII15
1907
Death
Consoli Giuseppe
VII14
1907
Death
Contasano Francesco
VII22
1910
Death
Contasano Giuseppe
VII22
1910
Death
Conte Angiolella
VI2
1909
Death
Conte Angiolella
VII15
1907
Death
Conte Giacomo
VII22
1910
Death
Conte Giacomo
VII24
1910
Death
Conte Nicola
VII11
1907
Death
Coppola Michelina
B3
1908
Birth
Cotugno Francesco
M18
1905
Marriage
Cotugno Giuseppe
M18
1905
Marriage
Curico Nicola
IV5
1909
Death
Curico Nicola
B24
1905
Birth
Curico Nicola
B39
1908
Birth
D’Alessio Rocco Luigi
IV2
1910
Death
D’Alessio Rocco Luigi
IV3
1910
Death
D’Alessio Rocco Luigi
VII6
1905
Death
D’Alessio Rocco Luigi
VII15
1907
Death
D’Allesandro Giovanni
VII37
1909
Death
Danatto Domenica
M7
1904
Marriage
D’Anzi Francesco
VII16
1907
Death
D’Anzi Giuseppe
VII16
1907
Death
Daralla Clementina
VII36
1909
Death
DeCastle Francesco
VII16
1907
Death
DeCesare Antonio
VII5
1902
Death
DeCesare Rosa
B36
1907
Birth
DeCostola Pietrantonio
M25
1905
Marriage
DeFacendi Leonarda
VII26
1907
Death
DeFacendi Paolo
VII26
1907
Death
DeFacendi Paolo
VII28
1907
Death
DeFrattele Francesco
B26
1905
Birth
Del Ponte Andrea
VII4
1901
Death
Del Ponte Francesco
VII4
1901
Death
D’Elia Angelo
VII41
1909
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VI10
1902
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VII3
1901
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VI7
1902
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VI8
1902
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VII18
1910
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VII20
1910
Death
D’Elia Antonio
VII26
1907
Death
D’Elia Antonio
B19
1903
Birth
D’Elia Antonio
M22
1907
Marriage
D’Elia Domenica
IGI
1895
Marriage
D’Elia Domenica
IGI
1897
Birth
D’Elia Francesco
VII3
1903
Death
D’Elia Nicola
VII7
1905
Death
D’Elia Pietro
II3
1908
Birth
D’Elia Pietro
VI12
1902
Death
D’Elia Pietro
VII2
1903
Death
DiCosoli Giuseppe
VI11
1902
Death
DiGiulia Rosa
VII2
1903
Death
DiPiero Gesualda
VII18
1910
Death
Dipresso Giuseppe
B29
1907
Birth
DiPrimo Pietro
VII24
1910
Death
Diprimo Pietro
B42
1910
Birth
DiPrimo Vincenzo
VII2
1903
Death
DiSabato Cristina
IV2
1910
Death
DiSanti Antonio
II3
1908
Birth
DiSanti Antonio
VII4
1903
Death
DiSanto Antonio
VI9
1902
Death
DiSanto Antonio
VI7
1902
Death
DiSanto Antonio
VII25
1907
Death
DiSanto Antonio
M3
1902
Marriage
DiSanto Donato
VI9
1902
Death
DiSanto Gerardo
IV1
1910
Death
DiSanto Maria Caterina
B15
1903
Birth
Dolcemele Angelo
IV8
1909
Death
Dolcemele Angelo
VII6
1902
Death
Dolcemele Angelo
VII12
1907
Death
Dolcemele Angelo
VII18
1910
Death
Dolcemele Angelo
M14
1904
Marriage
Dolcemele Angelo
M15
1904
Marriage
Dolcemele Francesco
VII4
1901
Death
Dolcemele Francesco
VII18
1910
Death
Dolcemele Francesco
B28
1907
Birth
Dolcemele Gaetano
M8
1904
Marriage
Dolcemele Margherita
M4
1902
Marriage
Dolcemele Maria Giuseppina
VI10
1902
Death
Dolcemele Maria Giuseppina
M3
1902
Marriage
Dolcemele Maria Giuseppina
M8
1904
Marriage
Dolcemele Maria Giuseppina
M30
1904
Marriage
D’Onofrio Giovanantonio
B17
1903
Birth
D’Onofrio Giovanni
VII30
1908
Death
D’Onofrio Giovanni
B26
1905
Birth
D’Onofrio Nicola Vincenzo
B26
1905
Birth
D’Onofrio Palma
B17
1903
Birth
Durante Maria Carmela
M21
1907
Marriage
Elia Angelo
VII25
1907
Death
Elia Angelo
M19
1907
Marriage
Elia Francesco
VII4
1901
Death
Elia Giuseppe
VII18
1910
Death
Essico Angiolella
VII9
1907
Death
Falcone Rosa
VII16
1907
Death
Faliere Serafina
M22
1907
Marriage
Ferrante Andrea
VII8
1905
Death
Ferrante Domenico
VI7
1902
Death
Ferrante Francesco
VI7
1902
Death
Ferrante Isabella
VII23
1910
Death
Ferrante Maria
M9
1903
Marriage
Ferrante Maria Maddelena
VII22
1910
Death
Ferrante Nicola
VII4
1901
Death
Ferrante Nicola
VII28
1907
Death
Ferrante Pasquale
VII8
1905
Death
Ferrante Vito Gaetano

1840
Death
Ferrante Vito Gaetano
VII4
1901
Death
Ferranti Francesco
VI2
1909
Death
Fitapoldi Rosa
VI11
1902
Death
Fittapaldi Giuseppe

1863
Death
Fittipaldi Giuseppe

1896
Death
Fittipaldi Giuseppe

1863
Death
Fittipaldi Prospero

1863
Death
Fittipaldi Prospero

1863
Death
Florio Giulia
VI8
1902
Death
Florio Leonardo
VI8
1902
Death
Forgione Angelo
IV6
1909
Death
Forgione Beniamino

1865
Marriage
Forgione Beniamino
IV3
1910
Death
Forgione Beniamino
M28
1904
Marriage
Forgione Ella
B8
1901
Birth
Forgione Giovanni
VII3
1903
Death
Forgione Vincenzo
B26
1905
Birth
Forgione Vito

1865
Marriage
Forgione Vito
IV3
1910
Death
Fortuna Maria

1841
Birth
Fortuna Maria
VII19
1910
Death
Fortuno Francesco
VI2
1909
Death
Francavilla Antonia Maria
M13
1904
Marriage
Francavilla Antonia Maria
M28
1904
Marriage
Francavilla Carlo
M7
1904
Marriage
Francavilla Carlo
M13
1904
Marriage
Francavilla Carlo
M28
1904
Marriage
Francavilla Filippo
IV7
1909
Death
Francavilla Gerardo
IV7
1909
Death
Francavilla Maria
M19
1907
Marriage
Francavilla Maria Giuseppina
IV3
1910
Death
Francavilla Rosa Camilla
M7
1904
Marriage
Gaetano Domenico
VI10
1902
Death
Gaetano Domenico
VII30
1908
Death
Gaetano Maria
VII34
1908
Death
Galante Antonio
II1
1908
Birth
Galante Antonio
VII17
1910
Death
Galante Filomena
M7
1904
Marriage
Galante Filomena
M13
1904
Marriage
Galante Filomena
M28
1904
Marriage
Galante Maria
VII21
1910
Death
Galitieri Francesco
VII3
1903
Death
Galitieri Nicola

1863
Death
Galitieri Porzia
VII3
1903
Death
Gallatieri Francesco

1896
Death
Gallatieri Francesco

1863
Death
Gallatieri Nicola

1896
Death

Gallatieri Nicola
1863
Death

Gallo Antonio
VII10
1907
Death

Galtieri Porzia
M17
1905
Marriage

Garviali Pietro
IV1
1910
Death
Gattiere Francesco

1827
Death
Gazariello Saverio
B39
1908
Birth

Gentile Rocco
VII10
1907
Death

Giacinto Lucia
VII33
1908
Death

Grassi Giulia
II1
1908
Birth

Grassi Nicola
II1
1908
Birth

Grecco Vincizena
II2
1908
Birth
Grecco Vincizeno
IV4
1910
Death
Greico Antonia Filomena
B16
1903
Birth
Greico Pietro
B12
1901
Birth
Grico Maria Filomenia
B10
1901
Birth
Grieco Carmina
VII25
1907
Death
Grieco Domenico
VII25
1907
Death
Grieco Francesco
VI8
1902
Death
Grieco Leonardo
VII32
1908
Death
Grieco Leonardo
B28
1907
Birth
Grieco Maria
VI8
1902
Death
Grieco Maria Filomena
VII32
1908
Death
Grieco Maria Filomenia
B28
1907
Birth
Grieco Maria Teresa
B12
1901
Birth
Grieco Nicola
VI1
1901
Death
Grossi Angela
VI12
1902
Death
Grossi Angela Maria
M21
1907
Marriage
Grossi Angelo
VII17
1910
Death
Grossi Angiola
VII27
1907
Death
Grossi Cesare
II2
1908
Birth
Grossi Cesare
VII35
1909
Death
Grossi Cesare
B6
1908
Birth
Grossi Francesco
M15
1904
Marriage
Grossi Giuseppe
VI12
1902
Death
Grossi Nicola Maria Leonardo Fortunato
B11
1901
Birth
Grossi Tommaso
B11
1901
Birth
Grumento Nicola
IV1
1910
Death
Guardagno Rocco Luigi
M22
1907
Marriage
Guarghlia Rosa
M18
1905
Marriage
Guarighia Francesco

1865
Marriage
Guarighia Gugliemo

1865
Marriage
Guarliglia Filippo
IV8
1909
Death
Guerra Vincenza
B38
1908
Birth
Gughielmatte Raffaele
B33
1907
Birth
Izzo Giuseppe
VII2
1903
Death
Izzo Giuseppe
M3
1902
Marriage
Izzo Pasquale
M3
1902
Marriage
Laiavino Giuseppe
VII16
1907
Death
Lainara Antonio
VII6
1905
Death
Lainara Maria Giuseppina
VII6
1905
Death
Lalingua Giuseppe
VII5
1902
Death
Lapinuso Giulia
B29
1907
Birth
Larubbio Achilles
VII3
1901
Death
Larubio Giuseppe Nicola

1864
Marriage
Latronio Felice
VII16
1907
Death
Laurenzia Maria Giuseppa Annuziata
B22
1905
Birth
Laurenzia Teresa
B22
1905
Birth
Lauria Angelo
VII34
1908
Death
Lauria Antonia

1841
Birth
Lauria Francesco
M27
1905
Marriage
Lauria Giuseppe
B42
1910
Birth
Lauria Giuseppe
M27
1905
Marriage
Lauria Rosa
VII7
1905
Death
L’Escopia Francesco
VII17
1910
Death
L’Escopio Francesco
IV6
1909
Death
L’Escopio Francesco
VII3
1903
Death
L’Escopio Francesco
VII2
1903
Death
L’Escopio Immacolata
VII2
1903
Death
Liati Francesco
B36
1907
Birth
Libertini Francescoantonio
VII13
1907
Death
Libertini Rocco Maria
VII13
1907
Death
Ligorati Angelo
M3
1902
Marriage
Lirisa Andrea
VII4
1901
Death
Lisaridi Nicola
VII35
1909
Death
Lobosco Lorenzo
VII12
1907
Death
Lombardi Carlo
VII3
1901
Death
Lombardi Giuseppe
VI2
1909
Death
Lombardi Giuseppe
VII2
1901
Death
Lombardi Giuseppe
M20
1907
Marriage
Loporchio Angiolella
VII22
1910
Death
Loporchio Maria
B18
1903
Birth
LoPorzio Isabella

1865
Marriage
Loprese Nicola
B34
1907
Birth
LoProchio Antonio Maria

1865
Marriage
LoProchio Giuseppe

1865
Marriage
Loprochio Maria
B2
1908
Birth
Loprochio Nicola
VII31
1908
Death
Lorubbio Antonio
VI3
1901
Death
Lorubbio Giuseppe
M19
1907
Marriage
Lorubbio Maria
M14
1904
Marriage
Lorubbio Nicola
VI3
1901
Death
Lorubbio Vittoria
M1
1901
Marriage
Lorubio Caterina
VII20
1910
Death
Lorubio Giuseppe
VII37
1909
Death
Lorubio Leonardo
VII13
1907
Death
Lorubio Leonardo
VII37
1909
Death
Lorubio Lorenzo
VII9
1907
Death
Lorubio Vincenza
VII10
1907
Death
Lucca Vincenzo
VI1
1901
Death
Lucia Angela
VI1
1901
Death
Luisi Arcangelo
B42
1910
Birth
Luisi Maria Francesca
B42
1910
Birth
Lunati Giuseppina
M6
1902
Marriage
Magistro Antonio
VI12
1902
Death
Magistro Giovanni
VI12
1902
Death
Maioranna Pasquale
VII26
1907
Death
Manfredi Antonio
VI4
1901
Death
Manfredi Antonio
B27
1907
Birth
Manfredi Antonio
M28
1904
Marriage
Manfredi Maria
B27
1907
Birth
Manghese Vincenzo
VII42
1909
Death
Manghesi Domenico
M4
1902
Marriage
Manghesi Giulia Maria
M4
1902
Marriage
Manghise Angelo
IV6
1909
Death
Manghise Francesco
VII5
1902
Death
Manghise Francesco
VI8
1902
Death
Manghise Francesco
VII34
1908
Death
Manghise Maria
VII17
1910
Death
Manghise Maria Vincenzina
VII5
1905
Death
Marino Andrea
B25
1905
Birth
Marmo Andrea
M20
1907
Marriage
Marmo Andrea
M24
1908
Marriage
Marmo Antonio
M20
1907
Marriage
Marmo Antonio
M24
1908
Marriage
Marone Giuseppe
VII20
1910
Death
Marone Giuseppe
VII27
1907
Death
Marone Giuseppe
B18
1903
Birth
Maronna Enrico
B38
1908
Birth
Maronna Giuseppe
IV5
1909
Death
Maronna Giuseppe
M7
1904
Marriage
Marotti Maria Giuseppina
VII35
1909
Death
Marrese Gaetano

1864
Marriage
Marrese Giovanni
VII1
1901
Death
Marrese Giovanni
VII2
1901
Death
Marrese Giovanni
VII3
1901
Death
Marrese Giovanni
VII35
1909
Death
Marrese Giovanni
VII42
1909
Death
Marrese Giovanni
M20
1907
Marriage
Marrese Giuseppe
VII31
1908
Death
Marrese Rosa
VII29
1908
Death
Marsullo Maria Nicola
M18
1905
Marriage
Martinale Nusita
VII13
1907
Death
Martino Giuseppe
VII33
1908
Death
Martino Salvatore
VII3
1903
Death
Martino Vito
VII33
1908
Death
Martire Salvatore
VII12
1907
Death
Martire Salvatore
VII29
1908
Death
Masiello Antonia
VII5
1902
Death
Masiello Antonio
VII5
1902
Death
Masonna Maria
VII41
1909
Death
Mastronardi Andrea
M5
1902
Marriage
Mastronardi Gaetano
B23
1905
Birth
Mastronardi Giovanni
B32
1907
Birth
Mastronardi Giuseppe
VII22
1910
Death
Mastronardi Giuseppe
VII41
1909
Death
Mastronardi Giuseppe
B3
1908
Birth
Mastronardi Innocenzio
B7
1901
Birth
Mastronardi Maria Gaetana
M17
1905
Marriage
Mastronardi Nicola Vincenzo
VII14
1907
Death
Mastronardi Pasqua
B23
1905
Birth
Mastronardi Salvatore
B30
1907
Birth
Mastronardi Vincenza
M17
1905
Marriage
Mastronardi Vincenzo
VII3
1903
Death
Mastronardi Vincenzo
VII41
1909
Death
Mastronardi Vincenzo
B30
1907
Birth
Mastronardi Vito Gaetano
VII14
1907
Death
Mastronardi Vito Gaetano
B7
1901
Birth
Matera Antonio
VII3
1903
Death
Matera Carmilla
VII25
1907
Death
Matera Domenico
VII8
1905
Death
Matera Francesco
IV1
1910
Death
Matera Francesco
VII3
1903
Death
Matera Francesco
VII17
1910
Death
Matera Francesco
VII24
1910
Death
Matera Francesco
B18
1903
Birth
Matera Francesco Saverio
IV7
1909
Death
Matera Gaetano
VII24
1910
Death
Matera Giulia
B1
1908
Birth
Matera Giuseppe
VI11
1902
Death
Matera Giuseppe
B17
1903
Birth
Matera Maria
VII24
1910
Death
Matera Maria
VII31
1908
Death
Matera Maria
M8
1904
Marriage
Matera Maria
M30
1904
Marriage
Matera Pasquale
VII11
1907
Death
Matera Pasquale
VII21
1910
Death
Matera Rocco
VI8
1902
Death
Matera Valeriano
VII17
1910
Death
Messina Margherita
VII3
1901
Death
Messina Paolo
VII3
1901
Death
Miadonna Enrico
IV3
1910
Death
Modena Antonia
B37
1907
Birth
Modena Domenico
B36
1907
Birth
Modena Giuseppe
VII19
1910
Death
Modena Giuseppe
VII30
1908
Death
Modena Giuseppe
B36
1907
Birth
Modena Giuseppe
B37
1907
Birth
Modena Maria
B34
1907
Birth
Modena Maria
B35
1907
Birth
Montemasso Giuseppe
VII39
1909
Death
Montemurro Domenico
VII10
1907
Death
Montemusso Giuseppe
VII9
1907
Death
Montemusso Giuseppe
VII20
1910
Death
Montemusso Maria Addorata
B42
1910
Birth
Montesano Antonio
VII10
1907
Death
Montesano Stefano

1869
Marriage
Montesano Tomaso Antonio

1869
Marriage
Mormando Andrea
VII20
1910
Death
Mormando Angela
M5
1902
Marriage
Mormando Angelo
IV5
1909
Death
Mormando Angelo
VII42
1909
Death
Mormando Angelo
B2
1908
Birth
Mormando Angelo
M15
1904
Marriage
Mormando Angelo
M29
1904
Marriage
Mormando Angelo Raffaele
VI10
1902
Death
Mormando Anna
VII9
1907
Death
Mormando Antonia
M12
1904
Marriage
Mormando Antonia Maria
M21
1907
Marriage
Mormando Antonio

1841
Birth
Mormando Antonio

1843
Birth
Mormando Antonio
VI10
1902
Death
Mormando Antonio
VII1
1901
Death
Mormando Antonio
VII19
1910
Death
Mormando Antonio
VII23
1910
Death
Mormando Antonio
VII32
1908
Death
Mormando Antonio
B10
1901
Birth
Mormando Antonio
B16
1903
Birth
Mormando Antonio
B21
1905
Birth
Mormando Antonio
B28
1907
Birth
Mormando Antonio
M3
1902
Marriage
Mormando Antonio
M8
1904
Marriage
Mormando Antonio
M30
1904
Marriage
Mormando Camilla Teresa
M3
1902
Marriage
Mormando Caterina
VI4
1901
Death
Mormando Caterina Antonia

1865
Marriage
Mormando Caterina Antonia

1848
Birth
Mormando Donato
B2
1908
Birth
Mormando Donato
M23
1909
Marriage
Mormando Donato Daniel
IGI
1897
Birth
Mormando Donato Daniel
IGI
1920
Marriage
Mormando Francesco

1864
Marriage
Mormando Francesco
VII1
1901
Death
Mormando Francesco
VII23
1910
Death
Mormando Francesco
B9
1901
Birth
Mormando Francesco
M2
1901
Marriage
Mormando Gaetano

1843
Birth
Mormando Gaetano

1827
Death
Mormando Gaetano

1864
Birth
Mormando Gaetano
VI2
1909
Death
Mormando Gaetano
VI4
1901
Death
Mormando Gaetano
VII3
1903
Death
Mormando Gaetano
VII19
1910
Death
Mormando Gaetano
VII42
1909
Death
Mormando Gaetano
B32
1907
Birth
Mormando Gaetano
M17
1905
Marriage
Mormando Gaetano
M20
1907
Marriage
Mormando Gaetano
M23
1909
Marriage
Mormando Gaetano
M24
1908
Marriage
Mormando Gaetano
M26
1905
Marriage
Mormando Giulia
IV1
1910
Death
Mormando Giulia Maria

1869
Marriage
Mormando Giulia Maria

1852
Birth
Mormando Giusepantonio
VII22
1910
Death
Mormando Giuseppantonio
B13
1903
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
VII32
1908
Death
Mormando Giuseppe
B21
1905
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
B24
1905
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
B28
1907
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
B32
1907
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
B35
1907
Birth
Mormando Giuseppe
M8
1904
Marriage
Mormando Giuseppe
M12
1904
Marriage
Mormando Giuseppe
M30
1904
Marriage
Mormando Giuseppe Antonio
B6
1908
Birth
Mormando Isabella

1865
Marriage
Mormando Isabella
VII2
1901
Death
Mormando Isabella
B9
1901
Birth
Mormando Isabella
B39
1908
Birth
Mormando Leonardo

1865
Marriage
Mormando Leonardo

1848
Birth
Mormando Leonardo
IGI
1872
Birth
Mormando Leonardo
IGI
1895
Marriage
Mormando Leonardo
IGI
1897
Birth
Mormando Lucrezia
VII6
1905
Death
Mormando Margherita
VI4
1901
Death
Mormando Maria

1864
Birth
Mormando Maria
VII6
1902
Death
Mormando Maria Caterina
VII3
1903
Death
Mormando Maria Caterina
VII17
1910
Death
Mormando Maria Maddelena
VII31
1908
Death
Mormando Maria Maddelena
B6
1908
Birth
Mormando Maria Teresa
VII27
1907
Death
Mormando Maria Teresa
B18
1903
Birth
Mormando Maria Teresa
B41
1910
Birth
Mormando Nicola

1865
Marriage
Mormando Nicola

1896
Death
Mormando Nicola

1869
Marriage
Mormando Nicola

1849
Birth
Mormando Nicola

1863
Death
Mormando Nicola

1869
Marriage
Mormando Nicola

1852
Birth
Mormando Nicola

1863
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII7
1905
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII13
1907
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII27
1907
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII30
1908
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII32
1908
Death
Mormando Nicola
VII37
1909
Death
Mormando Nicola
M21
1907
Marriage
Mormando Nicola Maria
M9
1903
Marriage
Mormando Nicolandrea

1840
Death
Mormando Paolo
VII7
1905
Death
Mormando Paolo
VII30
1908
Death
Mormando Paolo
B34
1907
Birth
Mormando Pasquale

1827
Death
Mormando Pasquale

1896
Death
Mormando Pasquale

1840
Death
Mormando Pasquale

1869
Marriage
Mormando Pasquale

1849
Birth
Mormando Pasquale

1863
Death
Mormando Pasquale
VI2
1909
Death
Mormando Pasquale
VI11
1902
Death
Mormando Pasquale
VII15
1907
Death
Mormando Pasquale
B10
1901
Birth
Mormando Pasquale
B41
1910
Birth
Mormando Pasquale
M9
1903
Marriage
Mormando Pasquale
M15
1904
Marriage
Mormando Pasquale
M29
1904
Marriage
Mormando Rosa
M20
1907
Marriage
Mormando Rosa
M24
1908
Marriage
Mormando Rosa
M27
1905
Marriage
Mormando Rosa Maria Iolanda
B16
1903
Birth
Mormando Salvatore
B13
1903
Birth
Mormando Vincenzo
VII2
1901
Death
Mormando Vincenzo
VII6
1902
Death
Mormando Vincenzo
VII9
1907
Death
Mormando Vincenzo
B24
1905
Birth
Mormando Vincenzo
B34
1907
Birth
Mormando Vincenzo
B35
1907
Birth
Mormando Vincenzo
B39
1908
Birth
Mormando Vitantonio
IV5
1909
Death
Mormando Vitantonio
B2
1908
Birth
Mormando Vitantonio
B18
1903
Birth
Mormando Vitantonio
M17
1905
Marriage
Mormando Vitantonio
M26
1905
Marriage
Mormando Vittoria
VII15
1907
Death
Mormando Vittoria Stella
VII37
1909
Death
Muzio Carmela
M2
1901
Marriage
Narandrea Domenico
VI1
1901
Death
Narandrea Vincenzo
VI1
1901
Death
Nigro Anna Rosa
B19
1903
Birth
Novario Antonia Maria
B12
1901
Birth
Novelli Francesco
IV4
1910
Death
Ortale Giovanni
IV4
1910
Death
Ortale Maria
IV4
1910
Death
Padua Antonia
B17
1903
Birth
Paduano Angiola
B27
1907
Birth
Paduano Antonia
B26
1905
Birth
Paduano Margarita
VI7
1902
Death
Padula Maria Leonarda
B2
1908
Birth
Padula Maria Leonarda
B21
1905
Birth
Padula Maria Leonarda
B33
1907
Birth
Paescino Giuseppe
VII5
1902
Death
Palmeri Pietro
VII5
1905
Death
Palmieri Giacinto
VII26
1907
Death
Palmieri Giacinto
M22
1907
Marriage
Palmieri Pietro
VII28
1907
Death
Pandolfo Carmela
VII36
1909
Death
Pandolfo Giuseppeantonio
VII36
1909
Death
Panotta Filomena
M4
1902
Marriage
Parziale Domenico
II2
1908
Birth
Parziale Domenico
II5
1909
Birth
Parziale Domenico
II6
1909
Birth
Parziale Domenico
IV1
1910
Death
Parziale Domenico
IV6
1909
Death
Parziale Giuletta
II5
1909
Birth
Parziale Isabella
IV1
1910
Death
Parziale Maria Maddelena
VII30
1908
Death
Parziale Nicola
II6
1909
Birth
Parziale Nicola
IV6
1909
Death
Parziale Pasquale
II2
1908
Birth
Pascarello Isabella

1869
Marriage
Pascarello Sa
VI3
1901
Death
Pastore Grazia
B3
1908
Birth
Pavone Genaro
VII1
1901
Death
Pecoraro Leonardo
VII10
1907
Death
Pecoraro Patricio
VII10
1907
Death
Petrasulo Giovanni
B38
1908
Birth
Petrasulo Vincenza
B38
1908
Birth
Pierra Giuseppe
M19
1907
Marriage
Pierra Pasquale
M19
1907
Marriage
Pierro Francesco
M12
1904
Marriage
Pierro Leonardo
M12
1904
Marriage
Pignataro Innocenzio
B1
1908
Birth
Pignataro Margherita
VII16
1907
Death
Pignataro Maria
VI7
1902
Death
Pignataro Maria
B24
1905
Birth
Pignataro Maria Maddelena
IV5
1909
Death
Pignataro Maria Maddelena
VII42
1909
Death
Pignataro Nicola
B1
1908
Birth
Plati Carmela

1865
Marriage
Pontillo Donato
VII39
1909
Death
Pontillo Nicola Domenico
VII39
1909
Death
Popandrea Maria Giuseppina
B5
1908
Birth
Potentza Giuseppe
VII29
1908
Death
Potenza Giuseppe
II3
1908
Birth
Potenza Giuseppe
B15
1903
Birth
Potenza Maria
VII11
1907
Death
Potenza Rosa teresa
B15
1903
Birth
Prisco Lorenzo
B5
1908
Birth
Prisco Maria Teresa
B5
1908
Birth
Quinto Domenica Maria
M25
1905
Marriage
Ragone Rosa

1865
Marriage
Ragone Rosa

1848
Birth
Resta Pasquale
VII36
1909
Death
Ribolotta Porzia
VII26
1907
Death
Rinaldi Caterina

1865
Marriage
Rinaldi Caterina

1896
Death
Rinaldi Caterina

1869
Marriage
Rinaldi Caterina

1849
Birth
Rinaldi Caterina

1863
Death
Rinaldi Caterina

1869
Marriage
Rinaldi Caterina

1852
Birth
Rinaldi Domenico
VII5
1905
Death
Rinaldi Domenico
B1
1908
Birth
Rinaldi Domenico
M13
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Domenico
M15
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Domenico
M28
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Domenico
M29
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Donato

1865
Marriage
Rinaldi Donato
IV1
1910
Death
Rinaldi Donato
VII21
1910
Death
Rinaldi Donato
VII33
1908
Death
Rinaldi Donato
VII43
1908
Death
Rinaldi Donato
M1
1901
Marriage
Rinaldi Eugenia
VII41
1909
Death
Rinaldi Francesco
B17
1903
Birth
Rinaldi Giovanni
VII19
1910
Death
Rinaldi Giuseppe
VII6
1902
Death
Rinaldi Giuseppe
M13
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Giuseppe
M28
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Margherita
B41
1910
Birth
Rinaldi Margherita
M10
1903
Marriage
Rinaldi Margherita
M15
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Margherita
M29
1904
Marriage
Rinaldi Maria
B11
1901
Birth
Rinaldi Nicola

1865
Marriage
Rinaldi Nicola
M24
1908
Marriage
Rinaldi Pietro
VII3
1903
Death
Rinaldi Vito Gaetano
VI9
1902
Death
Rinaldi Vito Gaetano
M21
1907
Marriage
Rivielli Gaetano
M21
1907
Marriage
Riviello Antonia
M23
1909
Marriage
Riviello Ceaseria
VII4
1903
Death
Riviello Fidora
VI3
1901
Death
Riviello Gaetano
IV8
1909
Death
Riviello Gaetano
VII23
1910
Death
Riviello Gaetano
B41
1910
Birth
Riviello Giovanni
VII19
1910
Death
Riviello Maria
IV8
1909
Death
Riviello Pasquale
VII4
1903
Death
Riviello Rocco
VII27
1907
Death
Riviello Vincenzo
IV2
1910
Death
Riviello Vito Antonio
VII6
1902
Death
Robettano Isabella
B7
1901
Birth
Roccanouva Margherita
VII8
1905
Death
Roccanova Camilla
M19
1907
Marriage
Roccanova Carlo
VII13
1907
Death
Roccanova Carlo
VII38
1909
Death
Roccanova Francesco
M24
1908
Marriage
Roccanova Maria Vincenza
M19
1907
Marriage
Roccanova Pasqua
VII38
1909
Death
Roccanova Vincenzo
B29
1907
Birth
Roccanova Vincenzo
B30
1907
Birth
Roccanova Vincenzo
M19
1907
Marriage
Rondinella Jiulia
VI4
1901
Death
Rondinelli Lucia
VII19
1910
Death
Rondinelli Lucia
M20
1907
Marriage
Rondinelli Lucia
M24
1908
Marriage
Rondinello Lucia

1864
Birth
Rondinello Lucia
VII3
1903
Death
Rosetti Rocco
IV7
1909
Death
Rosetti Rocco
VII11
1907
Death
Rubertone Antonio
VII18
1910
Death
Rubertone Camilla
M13
1904
Marriage
Rubertone Camilla
M15
1904
Marriage
Rubertone Camilla
M28
1904
Marriage
Rubertone Camilla Teresa
M29
1904
Marriage
Rubertone Carlo
VII37
1909
Death
Rubertone Isabella
VII14
1907
Death
Rubertone Leonardo
M15
1904
Marriage
Rubertone Maria Caterina
VII38
1909
Death
Rubertone Pietro
VII22
1910
Death
Rubertone Vincenzo
VII38
1909
Death
Rubertone Vitantonio
VII15
1907
Death
Rubertone Vitantonio
VII14
1907
Death
Runertone Isabella
B23
1905
Birth
Russo Isabella
VII34
1908
Death
Russo Isabella
M20
1907
Marriage
Russo Isabella
M24
1908
Marriage
Russo Michele
VII34
1908
Death
Sangallo Giovanni Battista
M14
1904
Marriage
Sangallo Pietro
M14
1904
Marriage
Sanmartino Angelo
VI7
1902
Death
Sanmartino Giuseppe
VII5
1902
Death
Santalucia Angelo
VII5
1905
Death
Santalucia Filomenia
B32
1907
Birth
Santalucia Fortunato
VII21
1910
Death
Santalucia Gaetano
VII5
1905
Death
Santalucia Gaetano
VII24
1910
Death
Santalucia Gaetano
VII31
1908
Death
Santalucia Gaetano
M30
1904
Marriage
Santalucia Giovanni
VII19
1910
Death
Santalucia Giuseppe
IV7
1909
Death
Santalucia Maria Filomenia
B21
1905
Birth
Santalucia Maria Filomenia
M8
1904
Marriage
Santalucia Maria Filomenia
M30
1904
Marriage
Santalucia Nicola
VII5
1905
Death
Santalucia Nicola
VII31
1908
Death
Santamaria Antonia
B33
1907
Birth
Santamaria Giovanni
B33
1907
Birth
Santamaria Rocco
B33
1907
Birth
Sarubbi Antonio
II2
1908
Birth
Sarubbi Antonio
VII24
1910
Death
Saviola Maria
M27
1905
Marriage
Scandiffico Pietro
VII2
1903
Death
Scollizzi Petronilla
M11
1904
Marriage
Secafino Giovanni
VII9
1907
Death
Seccafico Apollonia
VII12
1907
Death
Seccafico Giacomo
VII12
1907
Death
Seccafico Pasquale
VII12
1907
Death
Senese Giovanni
M14
1904
Marriage
Serafino Francesco
VII21
1910
Death
Serafino Maria Filomena
B30
1907
Birth
Serillo Domenico
M11
1904
Marriage
Serillo Rosa
B36
1907
Birth
Sillari Angelo
B25
1905
Birth
Sillari Maria Maddelena
VII8
1905
Death
Sillari Paolo
VII30
1908
Death
Sillari Rosa Maria
B25
1905
Birth
Silvestro Rosalia
VII4
1901
Death
Simogetti Bernardino
M4
1902
Marriage
Simogetti Giacinto
M4
1902
Marriage
Simonetti Antonio

1865
Marriage
Simonetti Maria Giuseppina Annunciata
VII28
1907
Death
Simonetti Teresa
VII28
1907
Death
Simonetti Vincenzo

1865
Marriage
Soldo Francesco
B29
1907
Birth
Soldo Maria Vittoria
B29
1907
Birth
Spera Alfredo
II1
1908
Birth
Spera Barbara
VI2
1909
Death
Spera Domenico
VII5
1905
Death
Spera Donato
VII1
1901
Death
Spera Donato
B2
1908
Birth
Spera Leonardo
VII25
1907
Death
Spera Maria

1843
Birth
Spera Rocco
II1
1908
Birth
Spera Vincenzo
M6
1902
Marriage
Stabile Isabella
VII3
1903
Death
Stagliani Maurizio
VII40
1909
Death
Stagliani Stella
VII40
1909
Death
Statile Antonia
M14
1904
Marriage
Statile Isabella
VII43
1908
Death
Statile Nicola
M14
1904
Marriage
Statile Vincenzo
M14
1904
Marriage
Stigliani Maurizio
VII28
1907
Death
Tagliaquanti Maria Donata
VII30
1908
Death
Tanico Angiolella
VII6
1902
Death
Tanico Antonia
B8
1901
Birth
Tanico Francesco
VI1
1901
Death
Tanico Francesco
B8
1901
Birth
Tanico Giuseppe
VII9
1907
Death
Tezza Antonia
B31
1907
Birth
Tezza Vincenzo
B31
1907
Birth
Toce Maria Teresa
II3
1908
Birth
Toce Rosina
II3
1908
Birth
Torraca Antonio
VI4
1901
Death
Torraca Camilla
IV7
1909
Death
Torracco Fidele
VI10
1902
Death
Trino Lorenzo
VII8
1905
Death
Trionfio Vincenzo
VII38
1909
Death
Troiano Francesco
M10
1903
Marriage
Trumento Nicola
IV8
1909
Death
Tuzio Domenico Vincenzo
VII29
1908
Death
Tuzio Giuseppe
VI4
1901
Death
Tuzio Giuseppe
VII29
1908
Death
Tuzio Giuseppe
B14
1903
Birth
Tuzio Pasquale
B14
1903
Birth
Tuzio Pietro
VII31
1908
Death
Tuzio Pietro
B5
1908
Birth
Valinato Maria
B39
1908
Birth
Valinolo Maria
VII2
1901
Death
Veltre Angiolella

1869
Marriage
Veltre Angiolella

1869
Marriage
Veltre Domenico

1869
Marriage
Verra Antonia
M14
1904
Marriage
Ververto Carmine
B41
1910
Birth
Viggiano Angiolello
IV5
1909
Death
Viggiano Angioletta
M17
1905
Marriage
Viggiano Angiolla
M26
1905
Marriage
Viggiano Antonia
B20
1903
Birth
Viggiano Donato
M13
1904
Marriage
Viggiano Dotore Prospero
VI10
1902
Death
Viggiano Maria Maddelena
B20
1903
Birth
Viggiano Maria Teresa
B25
1905
Birth
Viggiano Prospero
B25
1905
Birth
Viggiano Prospero
M7
1904
Marriage
Vignola Battista
VII11
1907
Death
Vignola Francesco
IV2
1910
Death
Vignola Francesco
IV3
1910
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII6
1905
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII7
1905
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII9
1907
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII12
1907
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII13
1907
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII20
1910
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII26
1907
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII35
1909
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII36
1909
Death
Vignola Francesco
VII39
1909
Death
Vignola Francesco
B4
1908
Birth
Vitale Francesco
B4
1908
Birth
Vitarella Francesco
M18
1905
Marriage
Vitarella Giuseppe
VII3
1901
Death
Vitarella Vittoria Stella
M18
1905
Marriage
Vitarelle Giuseppe
VI3
1901
Death
Viverito Giovanni
IV8
1909
Death
Viverito Maria Filomena
IV8
1909
Death
Viverto Giuseppe
VII38
1909
Death
Voignola Francesco
VII34
1908
Death
Vori Ambrozio
VII31
1908
Death
Vorri Amborgio
B30
1907
Birth
Zafaresse Filomenia
VII13
1907
Death
Zaffarese Angiola
VII20
1910
Death
Zaffarese Giuseppe Antonio
VII20
1910
Death
Zafferese Antonio
II4
1909
Birth
Zafferese Carlo
II4
1909
Birth
Zafferese Maria
II2
1908
Birth
Zafferese Maria Giuseppina
II5
1909
Birth
Zafferese Maria Giuseppina
II6
1909
Birth
Zafferese Maria Giuseppina
IV6
1909
Death
Zafferese Nicolo
IV6
1909
Death
Zimmarrano Grazio
VII33
1908
Death

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Locating Property in Craco Vecchio

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Posted on in category: Genealogy | Comments Off on Locating Property in Craco Vecchio

The Lost Neighborhood of New York’s Lower East Side

The neighborhood that many of our ancestors first called home in America underwent major changes during the mid twentieth century.  Row upon row of tenement houses were razed and replaced by low to middle income housing projects, to raise the standard of living for the residents of Manhattan’s lower east side. Although most of the buildings our ancestors once called home, as well as the streets they roamed, are long gone, through old maps and photos, we can travel back in time to see their new home as it looked to them.

Map dated 1891 shows the location of 42 and 44 Baxter St.

This map dated 1891 shows the location of 42 and 44 Baxter St. Examining Ellis Island immigration documents, an overwhelming majority of immigrants from Craco reported this as their destination in the New World.  Although the buildings were destroyed in the early twentieth century for the construction of the City of New York Clerk’s Office, this area remains an important part of the Crachesi migration to America. Directly across Baxter St. from this address is now Columbus Park. The park, originally called Mulberry Bend Park, replaced slum housing with trees, grass and flowers. The park opened in the summer of 1897 with bench lined curved walkways and an expansive open grassy area.  It was renamed Columbus Park in 1911. No doubt many of our ancestors roamed this urban oasis in an attempt to escape the overcrowded and unfamiliar life in New York.

 

Mulberry Bend, circa 1890. The park would soon replace the buildings.

On the left is where 42 and 44 Baxter St. once stood, now the rear of the City of New York Clerk’s Office.  The building straight ahead is the City of New York Criminal Court Building, and Columbus Park can be seen on the right.  (Photo from Google Earth.)

The area located just south (across Park Row) from Baxter Street also was a popular area inhabited by many Crachesi immigrants. Their main house of worship was San Joachim’s Church, located at 22-26 Roosevelt St. By 1926, the large influx of Italian-American immigrants created the need for a larger, more modern Church in the neighborhood. The tiny Church of San Giuseppe (founded in 1887) moved one-half block north, from 65 Catherine St. to a new, larger Church at 5 Monroe St.  The block surrounded by Catherine, Monroe, Cherry and Market Streets, including Hamilton St. was notorious for squalid living conditions and became known as “Lung Block” for the prevalence of tuberculosis. In 1933, the area was demolished and construction of Knickerbocker Village, the twin 13 story buildings with 1,590 residents, began. By 1958, most of the areas outlined in black (including San Joachim) had fallen to the wrecking ball in preparation for more housing projects.  The Gov. Alfred E. Smith houses, the largest development in the area, containing 12 buildings, all 17 stories tall, housing an estimated 5,700 people on over 21 acres, began with demolition in 1950, and the project was completed on April 1, 1953. Chatham Green Apartments (now condominiums) were finished in 1960. New York City’s Police Headquarters, at One Police Plaza, dates to 1973, although it has undergone numerous renovations and expansions.  The 32 story Verizon Telephone Switching Building at 375 Pearl St. opened in 1975, amid much criticism about its negative aesthetics and its impact on the neighborhood.

The original Church of San Giuseppe from 1887 to 1926.  It was located at 65 Catherine Street, one half block south of the new Church, which was built in 1926.

The new Church of San Giuseppe was built in 1926.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The future site of Knickerbocker Village.  The now defunct Hamilton St. (Lung Block) is on the left and Monroe St. is on the right.  The rear of the new St. Joseph’s Church and its twin steeples can be seen on the right.  The skyscrapers in the background are (l. to r.), the Cities Services Building (most recently the AIG building and 70 Pine St.), the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building (40 Wall St. – now a Trump Building), and the Singer building, located at the corner of Broadway and Liberty St., which was sadly demolished in 1968.

Construction of  Knickerbocker Village in 1933, as seen from the East River.  The east building’s exterior appears to be nearly complete, while the west building’s structural steel is in place.  The large building in the background is the iconic New York City  Municipal Building.  The building under construction is the U.S. Federal Courthouse located on Foley Square.

This photo of the Lower East Side was taken from the Woolworth Building (then the tallest building in the world) in 1916.  The Manhattan Bridge can be seen in the distance, and the approach to the Brooklyn Bridge in the foreground.  The piers and ships docked are a distant memory.

This photo, probably taken from the Cities Services building, is dated 1932.  On the top is the approach to the Manhattan Bridge, and the bottom is the Brooklyn Bridge.  The dark elevated train tracks can also be seen.  New Bowery and Park Row lived in shadows under the rumbling trains connecting this neighborhood with the more modern Midtown area.  The new St. Joseph’s Church is labeled in the upper right.

At the left, the 4th Precinct Police Station on Oak St. is outlined in red. The photo on the right was taken in 1950 during the demolition of the neighborhood that would soon become the Gov. Alfred E. Smith housing project.  The old station house was among the last structures to be removed, in all likelihood to ensure a police presence remained in the area during these times of change.

Roosevelt St. looking northward from New Bowery and Madison Streets.  San Joachim’s Church, located at 22-26 Roosevelt St., is halfway down the block, on the right.  This area was razed in 1958 to make way for the Chatham Green Housing Project.

 

An artist’s rendering of San Joachim’s Church.

On the left, looking down the now defunct Hamilton St. (Lung Block), towards the Manhattan Bridge. On the right, looking north up Catherine St., from the corner of Monroe St.  Notice the front of the “new” St. Joseph’s Church on the right.

New Chambers St. with the Manhattan Bridge and Brooklyn in the background.

New Bowery and the 2nd Ave. el as it appeared in 1954.  The buildings in the distance are (l. to r.) Cities Services, City Bank-Farmers Trust, Bank of Manhattan Trust, Singer Bldg., Municipal Bldg., and the Federal Courthouse.

Feast of San Rocco. A young girl’s religious society in the parade, carrying a banner with offerings of paper money pinned to it. In the back, PS177, at the SE corner of Hamilton and Market Streets, August 16, 1929.

Feast of San Rocco. An elaborate candelabrum is being borne by four young women.  They are in front of 106 Bayard St., between Mulberry and Baxter.  The view is looking west towards Baxter. August 16, 1932.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The feast of San Rocco as it passes under the Brooklyn Bridge on Cherry St., 1935.

 

Celebration and procession of the feast of San Rocco on Cherry St. as it approaches Catherine St., August 16, 1936.  The buildings on the left are Knickerbocker Village.  The procession still follows this route to date.

 

This aerial view of the neighborhood today shows the location of the streets of the past.

 

*The maps dated 1890 are from Geo. W. & Walter Bromley, Civil Engineers and the Davis Rumsey Map collection. They are not to be used for commercial purposes without express consent.

 

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